Women of the War


Rose O'Neal Greenhow

Born: 1813 - 1817? (not confirmed) - Mongomery County, Maryland

Died: October 1 1864 - near Wilmington, N.C.

   A member of the Washington society, and spy in the Civil War. She sent secret message to General Pierre G.T. Beauregard which helped him to win the battle of Bull Run. She spied so successfully for the Confederacy that Jefferson Davis credited her with winning the battle of Manassas. She was imprisoned first in her own home and then in the Old Capital Prison.

   Her next mission was to tour parts of Europe to gain support for the Confederate cause. In Europe, she found a sympathy for the South. While in France, Greenhow met with Napoleon III. In England, she met Queen Victoria and wrote My Imprisonment and the First Year of Abolition Rule at Washington. She was buried with full military honors in the Oakdale Cemetery in Wilmington, October 1864.

Note: Every year on the Confederate Memorial Day, United Daughters of the Confederacy place flowers upon Greenhow's grave.

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